From the Hand to the Machine. Nineteenth-Century American Paper and Mediums: Technologies, Materials, and Conservation.
BAKER, Cathleen A.
Ann Arbor: The Legacy Press, (2014),
Second Impression. octavo, cloth in dust jacket. 432 pp. The Legacy Press, Item #21411
Nowhere in the world did the industrial revolution occur faster and to such a degree than in the United States. The American pulp-and-paper and printing industries not only grew exponentially, but also enabled a national publishing industry. Books published en masse allowed the dissemination of information and knowledge to great numbers of people, and new businesses specialized in art reproductions for homes of a burgeoning middle class, employing nineteenth-century inventions, lithography and photography. Today, paper and book conservators are faced with problems or identifying a bewildering array of papers and mediums that comprise nineteenth-century artifacts, as well as analyzing more complex deterioration processes. Basing sound storage and exhibition recommendations, and conservation treatments on as much material and technological information as possible is crucial if the conservator is to make correct decisions for the preservation of valued artifacts. This book does not include "recipes" for conservation treatments, however. In the chapter on conservation, Baker addresses problems encountered when conserving nineteenth-century, paper-based artifacts. For example, she explains why chromolithographs are more difficult to conserve compared to prints on linen-rag papers sized with gelatin. Until this book, basic information about the many kinds of paper manufactured throughout the century and the medium applied to them has not been available in one resource. Information is presented in easily understood language for professional conservators and non-professionals alike. With over 500 illustrations, many in color. Very fine.