New Castle: Oak Knoll Press, 2010,
First Edition. octavo, decorated boards and cloth. 242 pp. Oak Knoll Press, New. Item #22395
New and Complete Manual on the Making of Fancy Papers was originally written in French by M. Fichtenberg in 1852. Richard Wolfe has translated the book into English, while including a new preface. The craft of marbling paper was introduced into Europe and the Middle East from Turkey and Germany during the last two decades of the sixteenth century, and then into France in the first decade of the seventeenth century. England, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and other European countries began marbling as well, but the production outside of England still remained small. It was not until its introduction into the British Isles in 1750 that marbling increased in popularity. The different countries had different methods and designs to their marbling. In France, marbling was first performed by bookbinders who catered mainly to the needs of the book trade. This often meant marbled papers were used for decorating "extra" bindings, or even sometimes made for people who restricted their output to wallpaper. Fortunately, the nineteenth century saw a change in French marbling, as they were introduced to a Turkish pattern containing an infusion of turpentine in the final color. This created an appearance of a network of fine, lacey holes. New and Complete Manual on the Making of Fancy Papers documents the changes and innovations in French marbling and presents the marbling and fancy paper trades of the mid nineteenth century. It contains procedures and processes of manufacturing, particularly of non-marbled papers that had declined. Explaining the origins of the new quasi-marble designs, still seen in a large number of French bookbindings, it also details the precipitation of colors through examination of European and American marbling manuals. This manual describes many steps in the marbling process. It describes the methods of making colors and the preparation of the aluminum serving to give body to the colors including reds and violets, yellows, blues, and greens. It discusses the preparation of hide glue, paste, glue, glazing, polishers, workshops, troughs, papers that are quilted, papers exhibiting the grain of wood, granite papers, printing, varnishing, sealing wax, and a variety of other details. Four pages of color illustrations complete the book. New.